How can food shares improve athletic performance?

How can food shares improve

 

Food is not only vital and beneficial, but it is also important to know how to eat well. Whether you are athletic or not, you need to know how and when to eat certain foods. How can food shares improve athletic performance?

How does the body work during physical activity?

Whether you are a professional athlete or a simple amateur, it is important to adopt a sports diet that is both healthy and correct. To understand the importance of good nutrition during physical exercise, you must first understand how the body works during more or less intense activity.

 

 During exercise, the muscles use their own energy molecules (phosphagens). During this time the body mobilizes a large amount of glycogen to ensure you have sufficient energy.

 

The effort also causes a significant mineral loss. When you stop the activity, a great metabolic imbalance ensues. Phosphagen loss takes time to recover. Muscle tissues also need to be replenished with carbohydrates (to find glycogen) and the body needs to be hydrated (with mineral elements).

 

Food, therefore, intervenes on two levels. First, it is necessary before the physical activity so that the body can produce the elements necessary to hold during the effort. Then, it is also this diet that allows the body to restore its metabolic balance during the final recovery or between two activities. Indeed, poor food recovery can easily degrade the endurance and performance of an athlete for the rest of his exercises.

The role of nutrients during the practice of a sport:

There are three main nutrients that are essential to the physical activities of an athlete: carbohydrates, lipids, and proteins.

 

As mentioned above, carbohydrates are an essential energy resource for the body. Energy is the factor that without it no physical activity could be performed. This is why it is recommended to have a sufficient amount of carbohydrates in the diet.

 

That said, the other elements are just as important. For example, the amino acids contained in proteins are necessary elements for muscle growth. Their intervention in sports performance is therefore not the least.

 

As far as lipids are concerned, even more, careful attention should be paid to them because they are vital nutrients for the body. Their deficit could limit you athletically, but it is also your whole health that would be compromised.

 

This nutrient exists in several forms: on the one hand, you will find monounsaturated fatty acids present in vegetable oils and whose mission is to reduce bad cholesterol (LDL), which improves cardiovascular capacity.

 

Polyunsaturated fatty acids have a strong protective effect, but the body alone is unable to produce them. It is, therefore, necessary to supply the body with it so that it is not lacking.

 

There are also trans fatty acids. Unlike the others, this last type of lipid is not very beneficial for an athlete: it is recommended to reduce its consumption. So you can see that it is not only about eating but also about controlling what you consume if you want to have better athletic performance.

 

In addition, for two athletes performing two different activities, their nutrient intake will not be identical. Naturally, those who make more intense efforts will need a larger plate.

What role do vitamins and minerals play?

The role of vitamins is to protect muscle cells during physical activity. They will also play the role of repairer during the energy recovery period. Mineral salts are involved in the movement of muscle contraction and in maintaining the stability of the nervous system. Note that athletes tend to find themselves quickly lacking these elements. They must therefore ensure that they regularly consume foods that are rich in them.

 

 

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